. . The North Branch between Cumberland Maryland and Ridgeley West Virginia in 2007 Washington D.C. Business Directory. After Taylor died and was succeeded by Fillmore Douglas took the lead in passing Clay's compromise through Congress as five separate bills Under the compromise Texas surrendered its claims to present-day New Mexico and other states in return for federal assumption of Texas's public debt California was admitted as a free state while the remaining portions of the Mexican Cession were organized into New Mexico Territory and Utah Territory Under the concept of popular sovereignty the people of each territory would decide whether or not slavery would be permitted the compromise also included a more stringent Fugitive Slave Law and banned the slave trade in Washington D.C the issue of slavery in the territories would be re-opened by the Kansas-Nebraska Act but many historians argue that the Compromise of 1850 played a major role in postponing the American Civil War. .
. . Montenegro: the official capital Podgorica is home to the parliament and the executive but the seat of the presidency is in the former royal capital of Cetinje! Cartoon of Lincoln and Johnson attempting to stitch up the broken Union, Washington D.C. Business Directory At the start of each two-year session the House elects a speaker who does not normally preside over debates but serves as the majority party's leader in the Senate the vice president is the ex officio president of the Senate in addition the Senate elects an officer called the president pro tempore Pro tempore means for the time being and this office is usually held by the most senior member of the Senate's majority party and customarily keeps this position until there is a change in party control Accordingly the Senate does not necessarily elect a new president pro tempore at the beginning of a new Congress in both the House and Senate the actual presiding officer is generally a junior member of the majority party who is appointed so that new members become acquainted with the rules of the chamber. The signing of the Residence Act on July 16 1790 approved the creation of a capital district located along the Potomac River on the country's East Coast the U.S Constitution provided for a federal district under the exclusive jurisdiction of the U.S Congress and the District is therefore not a part of any U.S state the states of Maryland and Virginia each donated land to form the federal district which included the pre-existing settlements of Georgetown and Alexandria the City of Washington was founded in 1791 to serve as the new national capital in 1846 Congress returned the land originally ceded by Virginia; in 1871 it created a single municipal government for the remaining portion of the District, 9 See also The great majority were born in the Thirteen Colonies But at least nine were born in other parts of the British Empire:, The conditions of the market led to shocks in the supply and demand of slaves which in turn changed prices for instance slaves became more expensive after the decrease in supply caused by the ban on importation of slaves in 1808 the market for the products of their work also affected slaves' economic value: demand for slaves fell with the price of cotton in 1840 Anticipation of changes also had a huge influence on prices As the civil war progressed there was great doubt that slavery would continue to be legal and prime males in New Orleans were sold at $1,116 by 1862 as opposed to $1,381 in 1861.