Surrender at Yorktown (1781) According to Andrew Fede a master could be held criminally liable for killing a slave only if the slave he killed was "completely submissive and under the master's absolute control" for example in 1791 the North Carolina legislature defined the willful killing of a slave as criminal murder unless done in resisting or under moderate correction (that is corporal punishment). Distribution of slaveholders Nat Turner's slave rebellion.
Main article: Siege of Boston, Washington became "America's first spymaster" by designing an espionage system against the British in 1778 Major Benjamin Tallmadge formed the Culper Ring at Washington's direction to covertly collect information about the British in New York. Washington had disregarded incidents of disloyalty by Benedict Arnold who had distinguished himself in many battles, John Blair Virginia 1 Yes 3.4 Debate and results Bvt Maj Gen. . In July 1845 Polk sent General Zachary Taylor to Texas and by October 3,500 Americans were on the Nueces River ready to take by force the disputed land Polk wanted to protect the border and also coveted for the U.S the continent clear to the Pacific Ocean At the same time Polk wrote to the American consul in the Mexican territory of Alta California disclaiming American ambitions in California but offering to support independence from Mexico or voluntary accession to the United States and warning that the United States would oppose a British or French takeover, In 1654 John Casor a black indentured servant in colonial Virginia was the first man to be declared a slave in a civil case He had claimed to an officer that his master Anthony Johnson himself a free black had held him past his indenture term a neighbor Robert Parker told Johnson that if he did not release Casor he would testify in court to this fact Under local laws Johnson was at risk for losing some of his headright lands for violating the terms of indenture Under duress Johnson freed Casor Casor entered into a seven years' indenture with Parker Feeling cheated Johnson sued Parker to repossess Casor a Northampton County Virginia court ruled for Johnson declaring that Parker illegally was detaining Casor from his rightful master who legally held him "for the duration of his life". . John Sullivan New Hampshire 1 Yes Peyton Randolph Virginia 1 Yes Preparation for war Jefferson Adams Jay and Franklin all acquired significant political experience as ministers to countries in Europe!