John Jay negotiator of the Jay Treaty Robert Morris Independence National Historical Park. In the closing months of the war the British evacuated 20,000 freedmen from major coastal cities transporting more than 3,000 for resettlement in Nova Scotia where they were registered as Black Loyalists and eventually granted land They transported others to the Caribbean islands and some to England.
As part of the Compromise of 1850 Congress abolished the domestic slave trade (though not the legality of slavery) in the District of Columbia After 1854 Republicans argued that the Slave Power especially the pro-slavery Democratic Party controlled two of the three branches of the Federal government, Led by Zachary Taylor 2,300 U.S troops crossed the Rio Grande after some initial difficulties in obtaining river transport His soldiers occupied the city of Matamoros then Camargo (where the soldiery suffered the first of many problems with disease) and then proceeded south and besieged the city of Monterrey the hard-fought Battle of Monterrey resulted in serious losses on both sides the American light artillery was ineffective against the stone fortifications of the city the Mexican forces were under General Pedro de Ampudia and repulsed Taylor's best infantry division at Fort Teneria. 6 See also In 1831 Nat Turner a literate slave who claimed to have spiritual visions organized a slave rebellion in Southampton County Virginia; it was sometimes called the Southampton Insurrection Turner and his followers killed nearly 60 white inhabitants mostly women and children Many of the men in the area were attending a religious event in North Carolina. Eventually Turner was captured with 17 other rebels who were subdued by the militia. Turner and his followers were hanged and Turner's body was flayed In a frenzy of fear and retaliation the militia killed more than 100 slaves who had not been involved in the rebellion Planters whipped hundreds of innocent slaves to ensure resistance was quelled.