Aside from the disposition of the territories other issues had risen to prominence during the Taylor years the Washington D.C slave trade angered many in the North who viewed the presence of slavery in the capital as a blemish on the nation Disputes around fugitive slaves had grown since 1830 in part due to improving means of transportation as escaped slaves used roads railroads and ships to escape the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 had granted jurisdiction to all state and federal judges over cases regarding fugitive slaves but several Northern states dissatisfied by the lack of due process in these cases had passed personal liberty laws that made it more difficult to return alleged fugitive slaves to the South. Congress also faced the issue of Utah which like California and New Mexico had been ceded by Mexico Utah was inhabited largely by Mormons whose practice of polygamy was unpopular in the United States. . Washington D.C. Business Directory, Main articles: Crime in Washington D.C and List of law enforcement agencies in the District of Columbia, The Second Continental Congress approved the "Articles of Confederation" for ratification by the states on November 15 1777; the Congress immediately began operating under the Articles' terms providing a structure of shared sovereignty during prosecution of the war and facilitating international relations and alliances with France and Spain the articles were ratified on March 1 1781 at that point the Continental Congress was dissolved and a new government of the United States in Congress Assembled took its place on the following day with Samuel Huntington as presiding officer. . . Named for George Washington 7 Privileges and pay By 1815 the domestic slave trade had become a major economic activity in the United States; it lasted until the 1860s. Between 1830 and 1840 nearly 250,000 slaves were taken across state lines in the 1850s more than 193,000 were transported and historians estimate nearly one million in total took part in the forced migration of this new Middle Passage by 1860 the slave population in the United States had reached 4 million. Of all 1,515,605 free families in the fifteen slave states in 1860 nearly 400,000 held slaves (roughly one in four or 25%), amounting to 8% of all American families; Southeast Brazil (Portuguese) 21.1% Samuel Adams Massachusetts 3 Yes Yes Yes The design included a landscaped man-made lake to collect rainwater a low-rise hotel and a row of office buildings along the north side of the main parking lot the design also included a two-level road in front of the terminal to separate arrival and departure traffic and a federally owned limited access highway connecting the terminal to the Capital Beltway (I-495) about 17 miles (27 km) to the east (Eventually the highway system grew to include a parallel toll road to handle commuter traffic and an extension to connect to I-66) the access road had a wide median strip to allow the construction of a passenger rail line which will be in the form of an extension of the Washington Metro's Silver Line and is expected to be completed in 2020, John Hancock Massachusetts 2 Yes Yes This section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed (February 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message).