5.2 Disputed capitals Main article: Prisoners of war in the American Revolutionary War Article One Section Eight of the United States Constitution grants the United States Congress "exclusive jurisdiction" over the city the District did not have an elected local government until the passage of the 1973 Home Rule Act the Act devolved certain Congressional powers to an elected mayor currently Muriel Bowser and the thirteen-member Council of the District of Columbia However Congress retains the right to review and overturn laws created by the council and intervene in local affairs! Washington D.C. Business Directory There are several countries where for various reasons the official capital and de facto seat of government are separated:, The District has growing industries not directly related to government especially in the areas of education finance public policy and scientific research Georgetown University George Washington University Washington Hospital Center Children's National Medical Center and Howard University are the top five non-government-related employers in the city as of 2009. According to statistics compiled in 2011 four of the largest 500 companies in the country were headquartered in the District in the 2017 Global Financial Centres Index Washington was ranked as having the 12th most competitive financial center in the world and fifth most competitive in the United States (after New York City San Francisco Chicago and Boston)! 1 Background Gouverneur Morris New York 2[b] Yes In July 1777 British General John Burgoyne led the Saratoga campaign south from Quebec through Lake Champlain and recaptured Fort Ticonderoga with the objective of dividing New England including control of the Hudson River But General Howe in British-occupied New York blundered taking his army south to Philadelphia rather than up the Hudson River to join Burgoyne near Albany. Meanwhile Washington and Lafayette rushed to Philadelphia to engage Howe and were shocked to learn of Burgoyne's progress in upstate New York where the Patriots were led by General Philip Schuyler and successor Horatio Gates Washington's army of less experienced men were defeated in the pitched battles at Philadelphia. Thomas Fitzsimons Pennsylvania 1 Yes, Congress agreed to the compromise which narrowly passed as the Residence Act Jefferson was able to get the Virginia delegates to support the bill with the debt provisions while Hamilton convinced the New York delegates to agree to the Potomac site for the capital the bill was approved by the Senate by a vote of 14 to 12 on July 1 1790 and by the House of Representatives by a vote of 31 to 29 on July 9 1790. Washington signed the Act into law one week later on July 16 the Assumption Bill narrowly passed the Senate on July 16 1790 followed by passage in the House on July 26, Congress neither debated nor enacted the resolution the national papers ignored it and it cost Lincoln political support in his district One Illinois newspaper derisively nicknamed him "spotty Lincoln".:33:202 Lincoln later regretted some of his statements especially his attack on presidential war-making powers.:128.
This section needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Countries whose capital is not their largest city, Columbia General Hospital Andhra Pradesh: Hyderabad is the de jure capital of the state until by 2025 while Amaravati is the de facto capital city the state governor and high court are located in Hyderabad.