Main articles: Theater in Washington D.C and Music of Washington D.C Commander of the Continental Army Charles Willson Peale (1776). 10.1 Abolition and emancipation, The Blue Palace the official residence of Montenegro's president is in Cetinje although the executive and legislature are located in Podgorica, Mexico City Campaign Amistad seizure (1839).
Congress enacted Johnson's Great Society program to fight poverty and hunger the Watergate Scandal had a powerful effect of waking up a somewhat dormant Congress which investigated presidential wrongdoing and coverups; the scandal "substantially reshaped" relations between the branches of government suggested political scientist Bruce J Schulman. Partisanship returned particularly after 1994; one analyst attributes partisan infighting to slim congressional majorities which discouraged friendly social gatherings in meeting rooms such as the Board of Education. Congress began reasserting its authority. Lobbying became a big factor despite the 1971 Federal Election Campaign Act Political action committees or PACs could make substantive donations to congressional candidates via such means as soft money contributions. While soft money funds were not given to specific campaigns for candidates the money often benefited candidates substantially in an indirect way and helped reelect candidates. Reforms such as the 2002 Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act limited campaign donations but did not limit soft money contributions. One source suggests post-Watergate laws amended in 1974 meant to reduce the "influence of wealthy contributors and end payoffs" instead "legitimized PACs" since they "enabled individuals to band together in support of candidates". From 1974 to 1984 PACs grew from 608 to 3,803 and donations leaped from $12.5 million to $120 million along with concern over PAC influence in Congress in 2009 there were 4,600 business labor and special-interest PACs including ones for lawyers electricians and real estate brokers. From 2007 to 2008 175 members of Congress received "half or more of their campaign cash" from PACs! The American Revolutionary War began on April 19 1775 with the Battles of Lexington and Concord and the Siege of Boston the colonists were divided over breaking away from British rule and split into two factions: Patriots who rejected British rule and Loyalists who desired to remain subject to the British King. General Thomas Gage was commander of British forces in America at the beginning of the war. Upon hearing the shocking news of the onset of war Washington was "sobered and dismayed" and he hastily departed Mount Vernon on May 4 1775 to join the Continental Congress in Philadelphia. ! Washington received his initial military training and command with the Virginia Regiment during the French and Indian War He was later elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses and was named a delegate to the Continental Congress where he was appointed Commanding General of the Continental Army He commanded American forces allied with France in the defeat and surrender of the British during the Siege of Yorktown and resigned his commission in 1783 after the signing of the Treaty of Paris, In February 1754 Dinwiddie promoted Washington to lieutenant colonel and second-in-command of the 300-strong Virginia Regiment with orders to confront French forces at the Forks of the Ohio. Washington set out for the Forks with half of the regiment in April but soon learned that a French force of 1,000 had begun construction of Fort Duquesne there in May Washington had set up a defensive position at Great Meadows when he learned that the French had made camp 7 miles (11 km) away Washington decided to take the offensive in pursuit of the French contingent. ; In this c.?1772 portrait by John Singleton Copley Samuel Adams points at the Massachusetts Charter which he viewed as a constitution that protected the people's rights, The highest natural elevation in the District is 409 feet (125 m) above sea level at Fort Reno Park in upper northwest Washington the lowest point is sea level at the Potomac River the geographic center of Washington is near the intersection of 4th and L Streets NW, Those "considered educated and refined were purchased by the wealthiest clients usually plantation owners to become personal sexual companions." "There was a great demand in New Orleans for 'fancy girls'.".